Green Hydrogen Revolution: Indonesia's Journey Towards Net Zero Emission 2060

Green Hydrogen Revolution: Indonesia's Journey Towards Net Zero Emission 2060 - As a country with significant energy resilience potential, Indonesia depicts abundant and diverse capacity for Renewable Energy (EBT) in various regions. One prominent EBT potential is green hydrogen, which has become a primary focus in decarbonization efforts, particularly in the transportation sector. Green hydrogen is produced from Hydroelectric Power Plants (PLTA) scattered across North Kalimantan, Aceh, West Sumatra, North Sumatra, and Papua.

The Indonesian government asserts that the country has the potential to generate 3,000 gigawatts (GW) of electricity from EBT, but currently, only about 12.5 GW is utilized. To enhance electricity production from EBT sources, the government plans to reach 21 GW in accordance with the Power Supply Business Plan (RUPTL) of PLN 2021–2030. Singapore has also expressed interest in utilizing Indonesia's green hydrogen production for domestic needs.

Anticipating the future of hydrogen, especially its contribution to the government's 2060 carbon neutrality target, PT Toyota Motor Manufacturing Indonesia (TMMIN) supports the development of the hydrogen ecosystem. On November 8, 2023, TMMIN organized a national seminar in collaboration with Gajah Mada University (UGM) in Yogyakarta. The theme of the seminar was "Accelerating the Development of the Hydrogen Ecosystem in the Industrial and Transportation Sectors Toward Net Zero Emission 2060 in Indonesia."

Nandi Julyanto, President Director of PT TMMIN, stated, "The utilization of multi-technology from various energy sources focusing on emission reduction is a necessity to pursue the NZE target for a green future for all generations." This seminar is expected to outline socio-economic challenges and digital transformation in the development of alternative energy in the transportation sector.

The national seminar involved various stakeholders, including representatives from the government, academia, and industry. Indonesian Coordinating Minister for Economic Affairs Airlangga Hartarto will deliver a keynote speech on the government's vision and strategy in developing green energy. UGM Rector, Prof. Dr. Ova Emilia, M. Med. Ed., Sp. OG (K)., Ph.D., and representatives from the Ministry of Energy and Mineral Resources (ESDM), Andriah Feby Misna, S.T., M.T., M.Sc, will also participate in the seminar.

Additionally, the seminar will feature presentations from the National Research and Innovation Agency (BRIN) discussing global movements, the hydrogen economy, and its potential in Indonesia. The Energy Studies Center (PSE) of UGM will explain research on energy mix strategies and hydrogen ecosystem development in Indonesia. The Faculty of Economics and Business (FEB) of UGM will discuss market research, while Pertamina Persero will provide information on strategies to accelerate hydrogen use in Indonesia. The final presentation will be delivered by Toyota Daihatsu Engineering & Manufacturing (TDEM) on technology readiness in the automotive sector and best practices in other countries.

Support for hydrogen development aligns with the Ministry of Industry's 2050 decarbonization mission for the manufacturing sector. The Renewable Energy-Based in Industrial Development (REBID) program run by the Ministry of ESDM also leverages hydrogen as part of efforts towards renewable energy.

Bob Azam, Vice President Director of PT TMMIN, stated, "In pursuit of Net Zero Emission in Indonesia, multiple parties are working to create three ecosystems: Biofuel, Batteries, Hydrogen. With various national hydrogen strategies undertaken by all parties, Indonesia indeed has significant opportunities in developing green hydrogen to keep pace with global competition."

Meanwhile, Toyota Motor Corporation (TMC) has long been a pioneer in hydrogen technology development. The Toyota Mirai, a Fuel Cell Electric Vehicle (FCEV)-based vehicle, began mass production in 2014 and evolved to its second generation in 2019. In addition to FCEVs, Toyota is also developing hydrogen-powered internal combustion engine vehicles (Hidrogen Internal Combustion Engine/HICEV) as part of its commitment to achieving global Net Zero Emission by 2050.

Toyota Indonesia, through PT TMMIN, believes that practical and sustainable solutions can be found by combining various technologies, including hydrogen-powered vehicles. The Toyota Mirai can be seen at the xEV Center, a learning and development facility owned by PT TMMIN, which will also expand to include areas for Eco Renewable Energy, Research, and Mobility.

With a focus on green energy, the xEV Center will showcase the electrification ecosystem from renewable energy sources such as Hydroelectric Power Plants, wind turbines, water turbines, hydrogen, to solar panels. The next phase will involve a focus on Mobility, with the xEV Center becoming a showcase center for the Intelligent Transport System. Toyota Indonesia believes that through collaboration and the development of various technologies, Indonesia can achieve the Net Zero Emission target by 2060.